Why Samsung’s Note 7 crisis could soon assist in solving the problem of poor battery life

The recall could provide researchers with a huge batch of potentially faulty batteries that could be tested to improve battery technology in the years ahead

smartphones image www.energy-options.info

Most accidents caused by smartphones are caused by distracted drivers or pedestrians. But a phone that bursts into flames – as Samsung’s Galaxy Note 7s have been doing – comes with a level of uncertainty that borders on terrifying, especially when these fires take place in airplane cabins.

From the publicly available information, it doesn’t appear Samsung knows the technicalities of the problem, and external experts know even less. This uncertainty could cause consumer confidence to wobble, which makes it vital for the whole industry to identify and fix the problem as quickly as possible. In the meantime, Samsung has warned the debacle could cost the company more than £2 billion over the next six months, on top of the costs of recalling millions of handsets.

The sheer scale of the problem could, however, be a unique opportunity to improve battery safety across the industry for the future. If Samsung made its faulty batteries available to researchers, it could effectively crowd-source work into why they went wrong. This would provide much-needed insight into how batteries and their manufacture could be improved.

Scientists and engineers in battery research have a closely related problem. Research on battery safety is more important than ever, but it is very difficult to get obtain batteries that are actually faulty. You can artificially introduce obstacles into a model production line, but then you are only investigating a self-created problem, which limits potential to learn new lessons.

The Note 7 recall could provide researchers with a huge batch of potentially faulty batteries. Samsung, with their millions of recalled handsets, could turn a corporate and environmental nightmare into a benefit for scientific research by initiating a global crowd-sourcing consortium of hundreds of academic battery laboratories.

One of the big questions is what is going wrong with the Note 7 batteries? A previous mass recall of faulty batteries by Sony in 2006 was down to the presence of small metal particles left in the battery cells by the manufacturing process. As the battery was charged and discharged, or put under mechanical pressure, these particles led to the growth of little trees of metallic lithium known as dendrites in one of the electrodes. These eventually penetrated the battery’s other electrode and caused a short circuit. They then heated up like a wire in a traditional light bulb and ignited the flammable electrolyte in the cell, consuming oxygen from the positive electrode material.

It is not yet known if the Note 7 battery has suffered a similar problem. Today’s battery technology has moved on, packing more energy into the same space than in 2006. Modern batteries are built using advanced manufacturing techniques that coat powerful thin layers of active electrode materials onto thin aluminium and copper foils.

Metal particles of the kind that caused the problems back in 2006 would cause modern batteries to fail before they leave the factory. But the Note 7 battery problem could be caused by much smaller dust-type particles, small voids in the electrode material or manufacturing inconsistencies.

All lithium ion batteries undergo the so-called “formation” process after the mechanical manufacturing. This involves charging and discharging them a fixed number of times in a way that forms internal protection layers and allows any side-reaction to happen in a controlled way. Cells that show any irregularities will be recycled. But this process can’t (yet) detect symptoms that would point towards a future failure. We would only know about such a problem once hundreds of thousands of units have been manufactured.

Samsung’s problem does give us an opportunity to study battery failure in much greater depth. This could allow us to improve future manufacturing technology and defect detection. By agreeing on a portfolio of diagnosis methods with the firm, scientists around the world could find out what’s wrong with the faulty cells. They could also work out methods to spot problem cells before they dangerously heat up, and fix the production process accordingly and introduce a new post-production check.

The biggest problem perhaps would be Samsung’s guarding of its intellectual property, which may explain why the company hasn’t had its Note 7 batteries tested externally already, despite it being considered good practice in the industry.

But the risk of corporate damage resulting from the disclosure of a few company secrets would arguably be much smaller than that caused to consumer confidence by battery failures on any future models.


Henry Sapiecha


Electric Vehicles Could Be Standard By as early as 2030

Electric cars are plugged into a charging point in London, Britain, April 7, 2016. To match Insight ELECTRIC-CAR/COMMODITIES REUTERS/Neil Hall/File Photo - RTSQT3N

Electric cars are plugged into a charging point in London, Britain

By 2030, electric vehicles may account for two-thirds of all cars on the road in cities in developed countries, a report released Tuesday says. The increase in EVs can be pinned to lower technological costs, consumer interest in ride-sharing, and tighter regulations on emissions.

The report, by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) and McKinsey & Co., seeks to produce a vision of what urban mobility will look like in 15 years. “The individual traveler is at the heart of this evolution, so consumers will need to be open to adopting new technologies and services,” the report says. “However, both the public and private sectors will have roles to play in paving the way.”

In an effort to lower greenhouse gas emissions, governments around the world are attempting to introduce EVs through subsidies and tax breaks, while at the same time creating low-emission zones. The report also notes that technology costs surrounding EVs are falling drastically: the price of a lithium-ion battery pack dropped 65 percent from 2010 to 2015, and they are expected to drop further to below $100 per kilowatt in the next ten years.

“In the near term, it is likeliest to emerge in densely populated, high-income cities such as Chicago, Hong Kong, London, and Singapore,” the report says. “EVs become far more common, spurred by economics, consumer interest, incentives, and the creation of low-emission zones.”

The report notes that EVs are a “direct threat” to vehicles that run on fossil fuels. “The automotive sector faces a future that could be fundamentally different from its past and may need to consider moving from using a pure product-ownership model toward providing a range of transportation services,” it says, adding that gasoline retailers should be considering how to monetize current assets, while at the same time considering how to get future value from electric charging, as well as fleet services.

On Tuesday, at the BNEF Future of Energy Summit in London, Spencer Dale, BP’s chief economist, acknowledged how rapidly EVs are become relevant. “Electric vehicles could take off anytime,” he said, as quoted by Reuters.


Henry Sapiecha

Beer Byproduct being used by researchersTo Create New Battery

Breweries’ sugary wastewater is great for creating fungus-powered fuel cells, it is said.

Thousands of newly-labelled bottles of Coors Light beer head for packaging at the Coors brewery in Golden, Colorado October 16, 2007. Brewers SABMiller and Molson Coors Brewing have agreed to combine their U.S. operations to create a business that will have annual sales of $6.6 billion and be the second-biggest market player behind Anheuser-Busch. REUTERS/Rick Wilking (UNITED STATES) - RTR1UZRL

Thousands of newly-labelled bottles of Coors Light beer head for packaging at the Coors brewery in Golden, Colorado October 16, 2007. Brewers SABMiller and Molson Coors Brewing have agreed to combine their U.S. operations to create a business that will have annual sales of $6.6 billion and be the second-biggest market player behind Anheuser-Busch. REUTERS/Rick Wilking (UNITED STATES) – RTR1UZRL

University of Colorado Boulder researchers have converted brewery wastewater into battery power. The process uses biological organisms cultivated in the water to make the carbon-based materials required to create cells that store energy.

According to those involved in the recent study, the process could benefit both breweries and energy manufacturers: beer makers could potentially slash the costs of treating their wastewater while manufacturers could take advantage of this cheaper way of developing renewable fuel cell technologies. “Breweries use about seven barrels of water for every barrel of beer produced, Tyler Huggins, a graduate student at CU Boulder’s Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and lead author of the study, told the university’s news site. “And they can’t just dump into the sewer because it requires extra filtration.”

As CU Boulder Today notes, biomasses (such as timber) are already being used to manufacture carbon-based battery electrodes, though the process as it stands now is expensive and hard to perfect. The study demonstrates that a specific type of rapidly-growing fungus, Neurospora crassa, can be “tuned during cultivation” in order to create a new process of manufacturing electrodes while bettering “the electrochemical performance of the biomass-derived electrode.” Huggins said that the brewery wastewater, which is full of sugars, is “ideal for our fungus to flourish in, so we are happy to take it.”

It also helps that Colorado is experiencing something of a craft beer boom in recent times. According to the Denver Post, the state counts more than 350 craft breweries, a 48 percent increase from 2014. That means a lot of breweries have a lot of sugary wastewater to contribute to these fungus-powered, efficient lithium-ion batteries.

“The novelty of our process is changing the manufacturing process from top-down to bottom up,” Zhiyong Jason Ren, an associate professor at CU Boulder and co-author of the study, told CU Today. “We’re biodesigning the materials right from the start.”

Additionally, Huggins Justin Whiteley, another study co-author at CU Boulder, have their sights set on making their new technology profitable. The pair have filed a patent on the process and founded Emergy, a company based in Boulder. “We see large potential for scaling because there’s nothing required in this process that isn’t already available,” Huggins said.


Related Video


Henry Sapiecha

World’s largest second-use battery storage unit prepared for grid connection

daimler-partners-energy-storage-diagram image www.energy-options.info

The second-use battery storage unit will be connected to the grid in early 2016

daimler-partners-energy-storage-image www.energy-options.info

As electric cars come towards the end of their life, they create a set of problems that you simply don’t get with petrol cars – namely, getting rid of the batteries. Automotive giant Daimler is doing its bit to tackle the problem by partnering with The Mobility House, GETEC and Remondis to create a 13-MWh battery storage unit out of second-life battery systems from electric and plug-in hybrid cars.

These companies have worked to map out the process of battery creation and recycling in Lünen in the Westphalian region of Germany. Daimler provides its electric vehicle customers with a 10 year battery life guarantee, but reports that there’s still a good deal of life in the cells beyond this point.

The company estimates that such batteries should offer at least another 10 years of usefulness when employed in stationary storage systems, which are said to be key in helping to level out dips in the energy supply coming from renewable sources like wind farms and solar power stations.

This is a role that’s partially played by fossil-fuel power plants at the moment, so Daimler says the battery system will help to “speed up the energy revolution and eliminates the cost of expanding the grid and building new power plants.”

The battery storage unit will be connected to the grid in early 2016.

Source: Daimler


Henry Sapiecha

One of world’s largest solar plants plan to produce …You guessed it.. oil

mirrahsolarplant-image www.energy-options (2)

A rendering of the 36 glass modules containing the solar-powered steam flooding system being built in Oman.

In a real case of strange bedfellows, one of the largest solar plants in the world is being built in Oman to boil water for use in oil production rather than to generate electricity. The plant, dubbed Miraah and created by GlassPoint for Petroleum Development Oman, will eventually produce the equivalent of 1 GW of power and will replace a less energy efficient natural gas method currently in use.

The Miraah project will feature rows of curved mirrors that will be focused on a boiler tube containing water. Unlike conventional concentrated solar plants that use heat to produce steam to drive a turbine and generate electricity, the steam created by the Mirraah plant will be used in nearby oil fields to loosen heavy oil so it can be more easily pumped to the surface.

mirrahsolarplant-image www.energy-options (3)

Since much of the easily extracted oil has already been pumped, companies are resorting to more complex and expensive processes called Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) to access the more difficult to extract heavier oil that now makes up the majority of the world’s remaining oil reserves.

The leading EOR method to help extract the heavier oil is called steam flooding, whereby steam is injected into an oil reservoir to heat the oil and reduce its viscosity making it easier to pump to the surface. But that method currently requires large amounts of natural gas to produce the steam, which is also increasing the demand for that energy source. According to GlassPoint, it can take the equivalent of one barrel of oil to produce every five.

The primary benefit of the Miraah solar plant will be that it will replace the less efficient and more environmentally impactful natural gas method. The plant is expected to save 5.6 trillion British Thermal Units (BTUs) of natural gas each year, or about the amount of gas it takes to provide residential electricity to over 209,000 people in Oman.

mirrahsolarplant-image www.energy-options (1)

GlassPoint said the Miraah project will generate an average of 6,000 tons (5,443 tonnes) of solar-produced steam daily, which will also make it the largest solar EOR installation in the world. Once completed, Miraah will reduce gas consumption by a significant but as yet undetermined amount.

Once completed, the project will include 36 self-cleaning glass house modules enclosing the solar mirrors to protect them from dust and the elements. The timeline for completion of the entire Miraah project is yet to be determined, but the first steam generation is expected by the end of 2017. The project will cover more than 3 sq km (1.2 sq mi) at a cost of US$600 million.

The video below provides an overview of the design and construction of Miraah.

Source: GlassPoint

This article was updated on 5/23/16 to correct errors from the project’s original press release, including project completion date and reduction in gas consumption.



Henry Sapiecha

Solar-powered smart outdoor pole keeps commuters powered-up and surfing

The Mito was designed by Art Lebedev studio at the request of Verisun

mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options (1)

Smartphones have made it easier than ever to keep occupied while commuting, but all it takes is a dead battery to make for a tedious waiting game. A recently installed piece of street furniture in the Turkish city of Istanbul, however, lets commuters keep their devices charged while surfing the web with that extra jolt of juice.

mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options (2)

The Mito was designed by Art Lebedev studio at the request of Verisun, a Turkish tech company that deals in smart city solutions, among other things. The two firms previously worked on a solar-powered smart pole back in 2013, but began work on a new design in September of last year.

mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options (3)

There are eight USB charging ports mounted in the Mito, allowing for up to eight mobile devices to be charged at any one time. In addition, wireless internet access allows commuters to check their emails, read the news or browse social media while they wait.

Transport information is provided via a built-in 7-in outdoor LCD screen. This includes the station or stop and route name, the expected arrival time of the bus or tram and the current temperature. The system is powered by Android content management software.

mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options (4)

In addition to these features, the Mito also has an eye-catching design, with graceful curves and patterned wood covering an internal metal frame. It has to be said that the Mito doesn’t really fit in with with the typical perfunctory vernacular of city street design, but it’s a good-looking installation nonetheless.

The name Mito derives from the energy-generating mitochondrion found in cells and refers to the 240-W top-mounted solar panel that powers the unit. Verisun tells New Atlas that, in winter, the Mito can produce up to 600 Wh of electricity a day, which rises to 1,920 Wh in summer.

mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options (5)mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options (6)

mito-phone-charging-solar-power image www.energy-options.info

Both those figures are ample for the 360 Wh of power that Verisun says is required to run the Mito every day, but, in the event that the amount of electricity generated falls short in real-time, there’s also a 60-Ah battery from which power can be pulled.

The first Mito was installed near a tram stop at Taksim Square in downtown Istanbul in February. Verisun says it plans to roll more out in different cities in the future.

Sources: Art Lebedev, Verisun


Henry Sapiecha


Smartphones Flexible battery from Panasonic


fexible-lithium-battery image www.energy-options.info

On the back of a recent story about Samsung patenting a bendable OLED display for smartphones, Panasonic is rumoured to be developing flexible lithium-ion batteries designed for the smartphone market.

One of the roadblocks to creating a flexible battery has been the ability for it to retain its charge as it’s bent out of shape. The new battery is said to be able to do this even with a twist angle of 25 degrees.

The prototype is also said to hold a charge of up to 60mAh, which, when you consider the Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge can hold up to 3600mAh, there is still some time to go before it is commercially viable.


Henry Sapiecha

How smart is the solar Smart Plan?

The solar Smart Plan is a simple way to get predictable low daytime solar energy rates for $0 upfront. From how it works to how it helps you save, here are the smartest parts of the solar Smart Plan.

Solar-Panels_Smart_Plan_-image www.energy-options.info

Solar Smart Plan simplified.

The solar Smart Plan is different to­­ buying a solar system outright to install on your roof. With a solar Smart Plan, the system is installed and owned by AGL – stress and hassle free.

Put simply, the solar Smart Plan is like having a mini power station on your roof – where you buy the solar electricity it produces during the day for a low rate, instead of buying it from the grid at a higher price.


The energy rates offered start from 12.1c/kwh, plus all solar Smart Plans are only seven years, so you can enjoy predictable low daytime solar energy rates for years to come.

Making the most of the sun.

Converting to a solar Smart Plan is a great way to help save on your power bills each year. But just how much will it really help in the long run?

Well, by switching to a solar Smart Plan, you could save hundreds. Those savings could be used on anything from a family holiday to a new TV, or groceries and school fees.

On top of this, AGL will look after the health of the system, maintaining and monitoring it so the panels will always perform at their best and you don’t need to worry about claiming on warranties or maintenance.

Keeping it flexible. 

The solar Smart Plan is designed to be flexible and meet your needs if your circumstances change. When you sign up for the solar Smart Plan it gives you predictable low daytime solar energy rates for seven years, but doesn’t lock you into the plan – your options are always open.

When your plan is up, you can choose to roll it over and keep saving, or make the final payment and AGL can transfer the system to you as per the terms of the contract.

If you move house and don’t want to buy the system, you may be able to transfer your plan to the new owners so they can start saving too. However, if you decide to exit that’s fine as well – you only need to make a final payment.

AGL solar Smart Plan can help people save with predictably low solar energy rates, while helping them live more sustainably.


Henry Sapiecha


Eguana lords it over Tesla

Bob Moriarty discusses a tiny Canadian technology company based in Calgary with an award winning battery/power converter that is more powerful, more portable and easier to install than the Tesla equivalent. THANK YOU BOB

Eguana-skunks-Tesla image www.energy-options.info

Distributed Storage

Between 2014 and 2024 solar/wind power systems or Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS) are predicted to increase some sixty-fold from 200MW to greater than 12,000MW, according to research firm Navigant. That would put the market for DESS at $16.5 billion. Elon Musk plans on cashing in on the demand for this new technology with his Powerwall 2.0 home battery to be produced in his $5 billion “Gigafactory” in Nevada spanning 135 acres for the building alone.

A tiny Canadian technology company based in Calgary has already skunked Tesla with an award winning battery/power converter that is more powerful, more portable and easier to install than the Tesla equivalent. The average home installation would need two of the Tesla Powerwall devices but Eguana Technologies Inc. (EGT:TSX.V; EGTYF:OTCQB) can provide the same storage capacity with one unit.

A DESS unit is composed of three different elements. You have a power source that can be solar, wind or even the grid itself during non-peak hours. You also have an inverter/power control unit that converts the input power for passing on either to the user or to a storage unit, some form of battery for later use. The power control unit also has to be able to pass higher voltage power back to the grid when necessary or desirable. The third part of the triangle is a battery or storage unit.

Ambrose Evans-Pritchard of The Telegraph just wrote an interesting article about the technology of batteries for DESS in the last week. In the piece he quotes another industry expert, the consulting group McKinsey, as saying they estimate the total market as $90 billion by 2025.

Evans-Pritchard begins the article suggesting the next energy revolution is no more than five to ten years away. It will be led by battery technology as costs are decreasing far faster than either solar or wind power inputs. Batteries for storage are literally the missing link but costs are plummeting. Between 2011 and 2014, prices for storage dropped 50%. Elon Musk believes he can lower the cost of DESS to $100 per kWh by 2020 at which point solar becomes competitive with carbon-based power generation.

Storage for energy is the missing link, the holy grail of renewable energy. Solar cells and wind turbines have been around for yonks even if hardly economic. But the wind doesn’t always blow and the sun doesn’t always shine. An affordable way to store excess energy for use when it is most needed or to pass back into the grid makes renewable energy possible. At some price it even will surpass the value of carbon-based energy with all its attendant problems. An inexpensive battery/storage system makes the entire concept viable.

Eguana Tech is a fifteen-year-old company that is brand new. The company spent those years and $30 million developing the technology for the power control units that sandwich between the solar panels and the battery storage units. They simply have the best inverters/power control units in the market being 4–12% more efficient than the competition in power conversion.

The company has installed units in over 5,000 storage systems. It is a 3rd generation platform with 35+ MW operational. They have a variety of patents protecting their technology with both a low-cost and high-performance advantage over other companies.

I said the company was fifteen years old but that it is brand new. With the decreased costs of both solar cells and battery/storage units, a year ago the company made the decision to transition from design to market penetration intending to ride the wave of commercialization as lower costs drive demand higher by 45% per year.

Eguana has cash flow now with revenue trending at a $6 million per year run rate. With the 18 design wins over the past twelve months in the US, Europe, Australia and Japan, it’s time to convert design into sales on a massive scale. By my figures, with their penetration in the California, Hawaii, Australian and German market, the company could achieve sales of $60 million per year in the next 18 months. Gross margins should be in the 25% to 35% range.

Automobile manufacturers are starting to enter the residential DESS marketplace with Daimler and Nissan indicating an interest and participation. In June of 2016 Eguana announced delivery to an unnamed German carmaker of their Power Control Solution (PCS) for integration in a European designed DESS.

Currently potential and actual customers are battery manufacturers, distributors of solar or wind power systems, and electric utilities. Eguana’s competitive advantage is in their software technology that optimizes storage performance and power conversion both in and out of the storage unit with a 4–12% advantage over other manufacturers.

The race is not to the swift nor the battle to the brave but that is the way to bet. What the market is going to reward now will be the ability to pivot on a dime. The DESS market is fluid but giant in potential. It will be as important for a company to be able to change direction as to have a technological advantage. Every jurisdiction has different legal and technical requirements. Eguana is targeting the most attractive and economically potential markets first without betting the farm on any particular market.

Elon Musk is bringing a lot of attention to both the automobile and the battery storage market with his $5 billion dollar investment in the future. In one way, he is actually doing the marketing and customer education for Eguana. With the size and penetration of the batteries from the Gigafactory into the market, Tesla will be naturally slower to pivot because of their mass. Eguana can modify products to fit changes in demand in a far shorter time frame. So they get the benefit of his marketing yet retain the flexibility of a small company.

In his speech at the Tesla annual meeting on May 31, 2016, Elon Musk said that the production of batteries could be a bigger business for Tesla than the manufacture of electric vehicles. Tesla believes their DESS business could grow from $160 million per year now to over a billion dollars in a couple of years.

For the next fifteen years, renewable energy is going to be “The Next Big Thing” as the decreasing cost of solar, wind power and battery storage solutions make renewable energy competitive with carbon based power generation. Eguana is perfectly positioned to ride that wave of economic opportunity. They have income now with experience in the market place and are aiming at a major push into serious revenue increases in the next year.

Eguana is just entering the most interesting and highest potential growth phase of what everyone believes will be an enormous market. Their ability to change and manage curvilinear growth will be the key to their success and potential down the road. I’ve talked to management at length about their plans and how they see themselves growing with the market. This is a management issue. The demand exists and will continue to expand. The only question is can Eguana expand with the market.

I believe they can and as a result I bought shares in the open market based on my belief they have both the technology and the management bandwidth to transition from a tiny Canadian junior to a major player in a big market.

Eguana shares were as low at $0.08 in January before starting a climb to a high of $0.39 a share in June. The share price has made a perfectly normal correction down to $0.25 this month and has just broken out higher. I expect them to be making a new yearly high shortly. Eguana did a $7 million private placement that closed in early July and is well cashed up for the next year and a half.

With Eguana you are buying blue sky. The company has a market cap of about CA$60 million. Based on their prior sales and projections for the future, that would seem perfectly reasonable. But I think investors have to take into account the growth rate of the industry and the potential for Eguana to execute.

Rather than look at a $60 million per year run rate, I think you have to think about a company doing $60 million a year but increasing at an annual growth rate of 45%. If you plug that into a spreadsheet, the numbers get big in a hurry. And the 45% is the average of all companies, not one that is a technical leader in their own niche. I really do believe Eguana has skunked Tesla.

Eguana is an advertiser and as such I am naturally biased. I own shares bought on the open market. Their website is a little too technical for my tastes but it will be easy to follow their financials which will reflect the success or lack of success of their business plan. Do your own due diligence.

Eguana Technologies
EGT-V $.29 (Aug 15, 2016)
EGTYF-OTCQX 199.3 million shares
Eguana website

Source: Bob Moriarty for The Energy Report 


1) The following companies mentioned in the article are sponsors of Streetwise Reports: None. The companies mentioned in this article were not involved in any aspect of the article preparation or editing so the expert could write independently about the sector. Streetwise Reports does not accept stock in exchange for its services. The information provided above is for informational purposes only and is not a recommendation to buy or sell any security.
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Henry Sapiecha


World’s Largest Solar Plant Sets Itself on Fire

Improperly aligned mirrors redirected the sun’s rays at the wrong spot.

solar-power-station-california image www.energy-option.info

The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System, a concentrated solar thermal in California and the world’s largest solar thermal power station, suffered a small fire on one of its three boiler towers Thursday, according to the Associated Press. The fire caused the boiler tower to be shut down while firefighters ascended 300 feet to deal with the blaze, leaving the plant at one third power since another tower is already down for maintenance. 

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The Ivanpah plant works by using its massive fields of mirrors to direct sunlight towards the top of the three 459-foot boiler towers, which then creates the steam to drive turbines that create the actual electricity. But several misaligned mirrors directed some of this sunlight to the wrong place, starting a fire amidst some electrical cables, San Bernardino County, California fire Capt. Mike McClintock told the AP. Plant personnel had the fire out by the time firefighters on site.


Henry Sapiecha